types of hamsters
This information will give you the knowledge to go find a hamster that's perfect for your home! Roborovski Hamster. Miedel, Emily L., and F. Claire Hankenson. They usually have a golden brown color with darker markings around their cheeks. This hamster is very similar to Campbell's Dwarf hamsters but has a different body shape and comes in different colors. In the wild, hamsters are crepuscular and stay underground during the day. While cute, this hamster is considered an agricultural pest as it feeds on grasses, herbs, seeds, and various crops. It's endemix to China, and is the only species in the genus Cansumys. Biology And Diseases Of Hamsters. Here is a basic guide to the top five hamster breeds that you are most likely to come across in the search for your perfect pet, in order to help you make a decision as to the type most suitable for you. At around 4-9 cm, the Roborovski hamsters are the smallest. They get their name from Charles William Campbell, who first caught one in Mongolia back in 1904. Chinese hamsters are very energetic, so this trait combined with their small size means that they aren't easy to handle. However, if you're looking for more of a display hamster that's full of energy, Roborovski Dwarf hamsters are great. They're also very bold, friendly, active, and fun to watch. It also has large ears and a flattened skull. Your hamster could start chewing the metal bars, which can cause oral health issues with time. Size: 10cm (length) Temperament: Placid and easily tamed. As the most common of all types of pet hamsters, Syrians are also the largest and longest-lived. It's nocturnal and feeds on seeds and insects. It digs burrows to an average depth and is active both day and night. The Syrian hamster is one of the most popular species kept in the United States, also known as the teddy bear hamster. There are several species of pet dwarf hamsters to choose from, the most common being Campbell’s, Winter Whites, Roborovskis and Chinese. As always, if you have any questions about the type of hamster and specific care needs, be sure to talk with people at a pet store or with your veterinarian. These hamsters reach an average length of 2 inches, and their fluffy fur that comes in a variety of different colors makes them look extremely cute. These extremely adaptable hamsters live in scrublands, sand dunes, farmlands, and desert steppes. Note: We may earn commissions from the links within this post. There are 19 types of hamsters in the world, although this figure varies depending on the classification used. This hamster originates from Kazakhstan and south west Siberia; they are also... 3. Hybrid Hamsters. This type of hamster food is made of a variety of grasses and grains that are healthy for hamsters, mixed together and pressed into small pellets. Campbell's Dwarf Hamster. Your email address will not be published. Roborovski hamster. It's especially prominent in piedmont semidesert. Be sure to understand how big your hamster is expected to grow and have a hamster habitat that is suitable for your size hamster. Hamster Classification. Types of Hamsters Syrian hamsters are the most common type kept as pets. Also called a Russian Dwarf hamster, these pint-sized pets are native to the desert areas of... 3. Examples of self hamsters include the black, cream, mink and sable. ... P. roborovski. This creature inhabits arid areas with dry forests, rocky steppes, and shrubby slopes. Why is it so popular? The pellets may be dyed a variety of bright colors to enhance their appearance. From hamsters, gerbils, mice and more, we'll help you find the perfect little friend to welcome into your home. A common hamster species that Extends from Eastern Europe through the Middle East, Russia, Central Asia, Mongolia, and western China. Well, it has a good size (not too small), it’s cute, and it’s more social and curious than the other types. There are five main breeds of hamster commonly kept as pets in the UK, each with their own unique care requirements and temperaments. Other colourations usually come from a hybrid gene with the Campbell’s hamster, meaning these are not true Winter Whites. Unfortunately, standard cages you will find at the pet store are not "one size fits all" in regards to hamster varieties. Campbell hamsters are much faster than Syrian hamsters, which is a trait that puts some prospective owners off. These are the three most common types of hamsters that are typically for sale in pet stores. So, in this post we will be highlighting all of the different kinds of hamsters that exist. Different Types of Hamsters There are 19 different species of hamsters classified under the subfamily Cricetinae and grouped into seven genera. Technically speaking, however, golden hamsters are a genus of hamsters called Mesocricetus that contains 4 subspecies. The European breed can grow as large as 13.4 inches (34 centimeters) long and are some of the biggest varieties of hamsters. It forages for grain and seeds and also hunts insects. These hamsters come from different geographical regions and have different physical attributes and behaviors. ... P. campbelli. The Turkish hamster is a type of hamster that's native to Turkey, Armenia, and several other surrounding nations. Types of Hamster 1. However, only five of them are kept as pets: Syrian hamster. The Mongolian hamster is one of two members of the genus Allocricetulus. A hamster is considered as one of the best and cutest pets in the world, but there are so many different breeds of hamsters that it is difficult to decide which one is best for you. This nocturnal species lives solitarily in complex burrows where it stashes and eats seeds, legumes, vegetables, grasses, and insects. Syrian Hamster. P. sungorus. There are 19 officially recognized types of hamsters that are a part of 7 different genera. ... Taxonomists generally disagree about the most... History. Pet hamsters are generally housed singly, as mature females and males tend to be aggressive toward one another. If you choose to have multiple hamsters in one cage, be sure to determine the gender of the hamster and aim for only one gender. It's found in China and Mongolia. In the wild, the Turkish hamster population is said to be declining, but it's often still used in laboratory testing. Of these hamsters, many are rarely kept as pets. The European hamster is the only species in the genus Cricetus. Though all dwarf hamsters seem similar in their needs, each species has a very different temperament and … The most common pet hamster, the Syrian hamster, also known as the teddy bear hamster or golden hamster, usually grows to abo… If you have mixed genders in one cage, you will likely have hamster babies soon. This is a very large hamster with a body length of about 11 inches. They have become established as popular small house pets. They can get along well with their owners, too, as long as proper interaction is taking place and regular entertainment is provided. Hamsters belong to the subfamily Cricetinae, which contains 19 different species of hamsters that fall under 7 genera. They Grey Dwarf hamster has an average body length of 4 inches with a furry tail that's about 1/3 of that length. Chinese Hamster Their adorable appearance, fun personality, and relative ease of care makes them a great choice for all households and all ages. The Chinese Striped hamster is native to central and eastern Asia and makes a home in aris and semiarid grasslands and steppe. They usually measure in between two to three inches when fully grown. Learn more about the different types of hamsters, including Syrian, Roborovski, Chinese and dwarf hamsters, and what makes them unique from each other, here. Winter White Dwarf hamsters get their name from the fact that their gray fur usually turns white in the winter in order to disguise themselves from predators. Endemic to Kazakhstan, Eversmann's hamster was named after the Russian naturalist, zoologist, and explorer Eduard Friedrich Eversmann. The Kam Dwarf hamster is only found in the mountains of western China, specifically in grasslands, shrubby marshes, and steppes. Cons of Wire Cages. This species digs burrows as deep as 5 feet beneath the ground. The Roborovskii Hamster is the smallest of the small when it comes to different types of hamsters. Just like other pets, hamsters have different personalities or lifestyles based on their breed. It has a body length of around 7 inches. This is a very energetic and wild species, meaning that it isn't great for children or people that want to handle their hamster frequently. The different hamster varieties do have a quite significant physical size range. Although this species of hamster is a treat to watch, the speed with which they move can make handling them a bit tricky. Those are the Syrian, Campbell's Dwarf, Roborovski Dwarf, Winter White Dwarf, and Chinese hamsters. There are a number of varieties of hamsters and they tend to vary in characteristics and look, based on the variety. 2. Specifically, this hamster lives in birch forests, desert steppes, scrublands, swampy grasslands, and Alpine meadows. You will need to select a cage that is large enough, safe, and easy to clean. Its fur is grey with a light brown-yellow hue and a dark stripe running down its body. It's found in both grassy and mountain steppes at high elevations and favors pastures and cultivated land. Hamsters are rodents belonging to the subfamily Cricetinae.The subfamily contains about 25 species in six or seven genera. It also has very large, rounded ears. There are many different types of hamsters, so researching them are important to pick out a good friend for your house. A species of hamster that's found in both Bulgaria and Romania. Read our, Dwarf Winter White Russian Hamsters: Species Profile, Campbell's Dwarf Russian Hamster: Species Profile, How to Breed Campbell and Winter White Dwarf Russian Hamsters, Breeding Information for Roborovski Dwarf Hamsters, Syrian Hamster (Golden Hamster): Species Profile, Why Syrian Hamsters Live Together in Pet Stores but Not at Your Home, Learn to Tell If Your Hamster Is Male or Female. In terms of color, it's mostly a light greyish-brown with a faint stripe on the spine. Roborovski hamster. Campbell's Dwarf hamsters, Winter White Dwarf hamsters, and Chinese hamsters are all middle of the ground in terms of what they offer, which is great. Main colors for the Campbell would include agouti (wild natural color), argente (sandy), and albino (white). A Syrian hamster will need a different type of cage than a Chinese hamster. The most common types of pet hamsters include the Mesocritecus auratusor the Syrian hamster, the Phodopusor the dwarf hamsters, and the Crisetulus griseusor the Chinese hamsters. Syrian hamsters are one of the most common types of hamsters that are kept as pets. Several states such as New Jersey and California have labeled the Chinese hamster as a pest, so special permits are required for ownership, selling, and breeding. It also frequently stands up on its hind legs and loudly screams as a means of communication. Syrian Hamster. The dwarf hamster lives up to its name. This species has an average body length of about 4 inches with a 2 inch tail. Winter White Russian dwarf hamster. Syrian Hamsters. There are only 5, so if you hear any other names that are different they are probably just nicknames. Coloration is relatively muted, with a sandy brownish-grey dorsal coloring and light grey ventral coloring. They're not nice to handle, but they're always doing something that's interesting. Syrian Hamsters are also known as Golden or Teddy bear hamsters due to their most commonly recurring color and chubby bodies. Below is a list of the most common types found as pets: Syrian hamster. Of the previously mentioned 5 types of hamsters, it's really up to you regarding which is the best pet! These hamsters live in long burrows that they emerge from in the early hours of the night to forage for seeds. But, each of these unique types of hamsters also shows slight differences. 5 Different Types of Hamsters for Pets (With Pictures) 1. Here are the 5 Domesticated species of hamster! A type of dwarf hamster, the winter white, can grow up to four inches long. Its underside is greyish-white. Also known as the Georgian hamster, the Ciscaucasian hamster is found only in Georgia and Russia. The Tibetan Dwarf hamster has a body length of about 4.1 inches with a tail reaching up to 1.5 inches. They are also the most active and... 2. Although there are 24 different species of hamsters, only 5 breeds are used as pets. The base colour of … One of two species of Russian dwarf hamsters, Campbell's Dwarf … Required fields are marked *, Get exclusive pet tips, tricks, and fun stuff that we love :), About Contact Medical Disclaimer Terms Privacy. Elsevier, doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-409527-4.00005-5. This means that they're best kept in very large hamster cages. The Syrian hamster (also known as the golden, teddy bear, or fancy hamster) is one of the most common types of pet hamsters, according to The … While all hamsters have around the same lifespan and require very similar care, be sure to choose the hamster (or hamsters) that is the best fit for you. Gerbil vs. Hamster – Which Is The Right Pet For You. European hamsters are crepuscular and eat seeds, legumes, grasses, vegetables, and insects. The Syrian hamster is also most commonly know as the golden hamster as this is the original 'wild' colour. It's considered a major pest in China since ancient times, eating crops rampantly throughout the year. Residing in Northern China, the Greater Long-Tailed hamster is the only member of the genus Tscherskia. Therefore, they're best to just observe, and fortunately they put on quite a show. There are four species of dwarf hamsters (Campbell’s Russian Hamster, Winter White Hamster, Roborovskii’s Hamster, and the Chinese Hamster). There are two types of Russian dwarf hamsters and this dwarf hamster breed would be the first one. The first 5 hamsters listed are hamsters that are commonly kept as pets. It has extensive burrow where it stores large amounts of food. Hamsters are some of the most popular pets today. Explore our small animal pet store here. Campbell’s Dwarf hamster. While most dwarf species are limited in their colors, this species can come in a wide variety of different colors and sheens. The Syrian hamster (often called Golden hamster) is the most common species of hamster used as pet. It's part of the family Cricetidae, which is the second largest family of mammals. Generally, they are quite cuddly and good-natured, as well as less likely to bite or nip. If you're looking for a pet hamster to be involved with, Syrian hamsters are great. The natural color of most Syrian hamsters is golden brown with a lighter belly. Dwarf Campbells Russian Hamster: 1.5 to 2 years, Dwarf Campbells Russian Hamster: 4 inches, Dwarf Winter White Russian Hamster: 3.5-4 inches. They are a bit like a mouse.Wild hamsters live in the desert, but people all over the world keep domesticated hamsters as pets.. Lianne is a veterinarian, epidemiologist, and freelance writer who's written nearly 400 articles for The Spruce Pets. They have good energy, can be carefully handled, and are mostly friendly with proper handling. This very tiny dwarf hamster isn't actually a true dwarf, but it does only grow to about 3 inches in length. Syrian hamsters, or Teddy Bear hamsters, are also known as black bear hamsters, golden hamsters or fancy hamsters, depending on their coloring. Examples of agouti hamsters include the golden, yellow, cinnamon and grey. This species of hamster is considered an agricultural pest as well, and it's often hunted for its fur. Everybody wants to bring home a pet that's best-suited for them, and a good insight into the different types of hamsters will help with that. Hamsters belong to the rodent family and are very playful and sociable. Additionally, this species is genetically predisposed to diabetes.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'beyondthetreat_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_0',138,'0','0'])); These tiny hamsters originally roamed throughout the deserts of central Asia, but they've become popular pets recently due to their fun temperament and tiny size. The Spruce Pets uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Syrian Hamster. One of two species of Russian dwarf hamsters, Campbell's Dwarf hamster is very commonly found for sale in pet stores, often falsely identified as Siberian dwarfs. It features brown dorsal fur and a white underside with a black stripe running from the top of its head to its neck. Campbell's Dwarf hamsters are best kept in small groups, but they can still become territorial. It has an average body length of about 3.9 inches with a short snout, wide-set eyes, and dark rounded eyes. We may earn commissions from the links within this post.. Campbell’s dwarf hamster appears highly similar to the other Russian, the Winter White, but has smaller ears, more furry feet, and lacks a dark patch on its head. 19 Different Types Of Hamsters 1. That's not to say that they can't be kept as pets, but it definitely isn't recommended. They come in three main colourations: normal (black & grey), sapphire (Bluish grey) and pearl (mainly white). Cleaning each rung of the metal cage can be kind of annoying, even if it is necessary. They also require very large enclosures with plenty of room to run around. It's very closely related to the Syrian hamster, but it's more unknown and rarely kept as a pet. Different species of hamsters should never be kept together. Syrian hamsters -- Also known as golden or teddy bear hamsters, Syrian hamsters are the most popular breed. Syrian hamsters should live alone (they’re the solitary types). Description. Laboratory Animal Medicine, 2015, pp. It has a sandy brown dorsal coloraing with a greyish-white ventral coloring. While globally it isn't considered endangered, it's considered critically endangered in several Western European countries. Chinese hamster. It's found in China and Mongolia where it lives in burrows beneath desert shrubbery. It has an average body length of about 4.3 inches with a tail that's at least 1/3 of that length. The Syrian hamster, also known as the golden hamster, is among the most popular choices for small pets.It's generally easy to tame, fun to watch, and fairly low-maintenance, making it a good pet for beginners.These hamsters come from arid regions of northern Syria and southern Turkey. Dwarf Hamsters. It prefers mountainous regions, living in altitudes of up to 17,100 feet. Syrian hamsters are one of the most common types of hamsters that are kept as pets. They also tend to be a bit more mild-mannered and reserved than Campbell's hamsters. The Chinese hamster is less common as a pet, partially because of the male's large and conspicuous genitals, which can grow to be as large as their head. Choose from variety of small pets for sale. Despite its name, this hamster species is found in India, Nepal, and China in addition to Tibet. Zach is a life-long pet owner and enthusiast. Dwarf Winter White Russian Hamsters. These areas are very dry with little vegetation, so this hamster species burrows 6 feet under the ground for shelter. If your hamster is a climbing type, the bars of this cage provide a lot more entertainment compared to other cage types. These creatures can grow up to 6 inches in length, making them one of the largest species as well. It has a greyish-brown coloring on its dorsal fur that's sometimes spotted or streaked with black. They're frequently solitary. These hamsters prefer the calm and quiet, meaning less tolerance for holding. It's native to a large area in Eurasia, ranging from Belgium to the Altai mountains to Russia. © 2020 Beyond The Treat | Amazon Associates Disclaimer: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Its body length is about 3.7 inches with a 1 inch tail. If you're looking to bring home a new pet hamster, you may want to know about the different types of hamsters that exist. They are the biggest breed of hamster, which makes them a … There are a number of important factors to should consider when deciding if a hamster is the right pet for you and your family. Despite their small size, Roborovski hamsters require an extremely large hamster cage and a plethora of different toys. Although the term “hamster” refers to about 19 species of small rodents, there are only about five found in the pet market. These creatures... 2. Types of hamsters There are five pet hamster species, including the Syrian or Golden Hamster. The 5 most commonly-kept types of hamsters for pet owners are Syrian hamsters, Campell's Dwarf hamsters, Roborovski Dwarf hamsters, Winter White Dwarf hamsters, and Chinese hamsters. This species can cross-breed with Campbell's hamsters, so it's difficult to find a 100% Winter White Dwarf hamster. Syrian hamsters are incredibly popular and can be handled/interacted with frequently. Types of Dwarf Hamsters Currently there four dwarf breeds of hamsters that are available as pets and include the: Campbell, Winter White, Chinese and Robo (Roborovski). Your email address will not be published. There are essentially only 5 types of hamsters are kept as pets. What Should You Do If Your Hamster Has Babies? Different varieties of hamsters do have slightly different expected lifespans, however, all varieties seem to live for approximately 2 years. However, they can still be quick, making it tougher for younger children to handle. With 24 species of hamsters, these animals come in a wide range of sizes. Golden: A golden hamster has grey ears, black eyes, black cheek flashes and white cheek crescents. Roborovski Hamsters. The following 14 types of hamsters listed are mostly found in the wild and are almost never kept as pets. Shop Petco's collection of small pets & animals, including live hamsters, guinea pigs, ferrets & more. These tiny hamsters grow to around 2 to 4 inches (5.5 to 10.5 cm) long. Various species of dwarf hamster are also common as pets, including the Roborovski hamster, known colloquially as the Robo, despite not being a cool cybernetic hamster of the future. But; generally contain the same amount of nutrition regardless of color. It has a yellowish-brown coloration with a white throat and black ventral region. This can make them a better choice for families with older children. It doesn't hibernate, so year-round it forages for roots, plants, seeds, and hunts insects. There may be endless sources of information for pet owners looking to invest in their next furry friend—assuming, of … He was born into a family with a dog named Murphy, and since then has owned several other dogs, mice, ferrets, fish, geckos, and a cat. However, over the years many different colours, coat lengths, patterns and coat types have now developed due to mutations. The Gansu hamster is also a part of the family Cricetidae. When we say tiny size, we mean tiny. Learn how to create a happy, healthy home for your pet. Chinese Hamsters: around 4 inches (10 cm) - and, unlike other hamsters, they have a noticeable tail as well. Its fur is brownish-grey with white underparts. They are perfect pets for children and this is the breed that a lot of first time purchases choose. 209-245. The Long-Tailed Dwarf Hamster is found in Russia, China, Kazakhstan, and Mongolia. These are domesticated hamsters that are commonly found in pet stores and are suitable for pet ownership. All of the other hamsters that are listed have not been domesticated and are rarely kept as pets. Dwarf Hamster BreedSource: TanayaAfter the original discovery of the Syrian hamster, other specieswerediscovered in other parts of Central Asia and the Middle East.Campbell’s dwarfhamster, Roborovsky’s dwarf hamster, and the Chinese hamster are allconsidered ‘dwarf’ hamster species and are all common as pet hamsters.These species are not actually dwarfs, but are referred to as suchbecause of their small size relative to the Syrian hamster. In terms of personality, Syrian hamsters tend to be more solitary, meaning that they should be kept alone in their cage. This experience has given him the knowledge necessary to help others become excellent pet owners. Sokolov's Dwarf hamster was originally listed as conspecific with the Chinese Stripes hamster, but it was differentiated in 1988.
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